For making cigars, tobacco is grown all around the world, from Poland to South Africa, from Argentina to Canada and, westbound, from Philippines to Mexico. But cigar tobaccos are mainly grown inside the intertropical areas.
Tobacco is actually a plant originally from America. Some species were identified in South Pacific. There are several species and varieties. Not all of them are employed in smoking products. Many are grown as ornamental plants as they are frequently blooming, showing colors from white to deep red and purple.
Here are among the countries through which tobacco is grown, to generate your cigars.
Argentina grows dark air-cured tobacco in the provinces of Misiones and Corrientes, and flue cured tobacco in the community of Salta. Misiones has also a manufacturing of Burley type. These tobaccos are mainly for Marlboro cigarettes is appreciated in short filler cigars due to the smooth taste. Argentina was previously a huge producer and exporter but changes in the economic and tax policies have seriously damaged the production, making the tobacco expensive to be competitive around the international market. Consequently, production volumes have decreased.
Brazil is one in the largest world’s tobacco producers. The East Central State of Bahia is really a cigar tobacco growing area, about 100 miles west from the state capital, Salvador da Bahia, a lively port around the Atlantic Coast. The Northern State of Alagoas hosts a production throughout the city of Arapiraca where maduro cigar wrappers are grown. The Southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina produce tobacco for cigarettes and pipe
Cameroon cigar wrappers are grown within the East part of the country. The growing area spreads across the eastern border, in to the Central African Republic. Wrappers are air grown, without fertilizers and pesticides, by small farmers. The average plantation size is about one acre. The seed is originally from Sumatra, introduced within the country just after WWII. Grown first for French Monopoly needs, the tobacco was offered in the international market when production was too large just for this single use. Well appreciated by European manufacturers and big American cigars companies, Cameroon wrapper production dropped down through the late 1980s, on account of poor management. Today, quantities are small, and quality could be better.
China is certainly the greatest tobacco producer, with approximately 5 millions metric tons. USA follows with about 1 million metric tons. Chinese tobacco can be a flue-cured type, not aromatic and a bit sharp in taste. This tobacco will not be appropriate for cigars. It is actually mainly utilized for local cigarette consumption. A compact quantity is exported. Cigarette industries import the tobacco and employ it like a neutral and cheap filler.
The Connecticut Valley, inside the Northeast of the USA, is known due to its bright yellow cigar wrapper. Because of a very hot and sunny summer, the tobacco is shade grown. Whoever has flown over Hartford, CT, seated next to the window, could not forget to have experienced the huge white acreage of land standing all around: the tobacco fields engrossed in white clothes to shield the plants from the direct sun radiation. And also the huge barns, large like cathedrals, ready for that flue curing. Impressive!
Tobacco grows throughout Cuba. Your premium cigar has become made, I hope, out of pall mall cigarettes coming from the West province of Vuelta Abajo, where a very good material is harvested. In Central and East Cuba, the provinces of Remedios and Oriente yield tobacco that may be not said to be acceptable for what everybody calls a Havana!
Dominican Republic is actually a traditional tobacco-growing country. In the 60’s, a Cuban seed was introduced as well as the resulting tobacco (Piloto Cubano) became famous being a good substitute of your Cuban tobacco which was no longer allowed to enter the USA. Exiled Cubans did a great job there. Piloto Cubano is a full bodied tobacco but, maybe, is missing some aroma. Blended with Olor dominicano type, more aromatic, Piloto Cubano makes the 100% dominican cigar a very decent cigar. Both Dominican types are perfect components for multi-origin blends.
The Eastern countries from the Mediterranean Sea are devoted to the culture of Oriental type tobacco, which can be sun-cured. Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria would be the main producers, but Lebanon, Syria, Macedonia, and Romania can also be growing. This tobacco has tiny leaves, which are sometimes only 2 inches long. Direct sunlight curing provides them a yellowish color and sugar content. Aroma is generally rich as well as a small proportion of oriental tobacco in a blend brings a good deal within the taste. This tobacco is not really useful for long filler cigars, but only simply speaking filler cigars and cigarettes.
Ecuador is the ideal location to grow wrappers, as it is on the Equator! And features rich soils too. The climate conditions, by using a nearly permanent cloudy sky, offer a natural shade, devepky47 the wrapper plants from sunshine and allowing the tobacco to increase thin and light. Ecuador supplies Connecticut and Sumatra type wrappers to many people cigar factory worldwide.
Honduras has produced up a good reputation when making premium cigars. The country is really a rather small tobacco producer and also the cigars are mainly constructed from imported leaves. However, Honduras has a very good likelihood of growing tobacco, especially wrappers, and can be a major player later on.
Tobacco is grown in several islands from the Archipelago but, with regards to cigars are involved, Sumatra and Java are those. Sumatra Wrappers are known worldwide. Central Java (Vorstenland) and East Java (Besuki) produce fillers and wrappers in abundance. Indonesia can be a key country for cigar tobacco.
Dark air cured tobaccos are produced in Mexico, mainly in Vera Cruz and Tampico provinces, in the East Coast across the Golf. There is also some production in Yucatan. Previously a state-owned operation, it really is now handled by private individuals and cooperatives. Mexican tobacco is very dark along with the best leaves can be used maduro wrappers. In San Andres de Tuxtla (Vera Cruz), you will discover a fascinating manufacture of Sumatra seed wrappers.
In Philippines, tobacco growing is concentrated inside the Northern area of the main island of Luzon. Traditionally, dark tobacco for cigars was grown and Philippines’ cigars were very famous, beneath the powerful Compania General de Tabaccos de Filipinas. They probably declined mainly because they were too mild. Today, Philippines still grows dark tobacco and it has developed a manufacture of flue-cured tobacco for Benson & Hedges cigarettes.
Zimbabwe is amongst the top three countries for top quality flue cured tobacco (together with the USA and Brazil). The embargo that hit the country, if it was still Rhodesia, did not hurt the development. It made the Rhodesians more inventive and so they proceeded producing. At this point, Zambia and Tanzania, the neighboring countries were selling a whole lot! Once the embargo was lifted in 1980 allowing us to deal directly, we discovered an amazing organization and equipment, the most effective worldwide. Tobacco was the most notable activity of the country and receiving employment in tobacco was a challenge for most men. The exact Zimbabwean agrarian policy , which we won’t discuss here, will probably strike this country off of the set of tobacco producers. Cigar industry will never suffer as flue-cured tobaccos are mostly concerned. Brazil ought to be the major beneficiary on this situation.